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Luna, A. J. H. de O., Kruchten, P., Pedrosa, M. L. G. E., Almeida Neto, H. R. de, & Moura, H. P. de. (2014). State of the Art of Agile Governance: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Computer Science & Information Technology (IJCSIT), 6(5), 121–141. doi:10.5121/ijcsit.2014.6510. Available at: http://arxiv.org/abs/1411.1922

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Many authors have said that in order to survive the voracity of the market, business agility is required, but what does it mean? (SCOTT, 2000; ROOSMALEN and HOPPENBROUWERS, 2008; CUMMINS, 2008; SLOANE et al., 2008). According to the Gartner Group, "business agility" is the ability to respond quickly and efficiently to changes in the business world, and transform these changes into competitive advantage (SCOTT, 2000).

In this context, it is observed that more organizations are adopting the agile approach as a survival tactic in these economically turbulent times (CUMMINS, 2008) which in turn led to interesting views. Thus, business agility is important, and according to LUFTMAN et al. (1993), it is the ability to "change the direction of the environment and respond efficiently and effectively to that change".

In essence, adding agility to the processes of Governance in ICT, already implies a higher level of convergence between ICT initiatives and business objectives which is a premise of ICT Governance. However, other benefits of an agile approach in the context of business can be identified, for example: improved time-to-market and increased speed of decision making, which ultimately reflects in increased organizational competitiveness (ROOSMALEN and HOPPENBROUWERS, 2008).

However, establishing and extracting the best of Governance in ICT do not occur without high investments, long delays and application of models that are often beyond the needs of the organizations. Often the difficulties of putting into practice the concepts, procedures and objectives of traditional Governance Models make organizations feel powerless over the weak progress and poor visibility of the investments made.

Through an analysis of critical success factors of ICT in governance projects, and considering the principles and values from Agile Methods, it is believed that a proposed Agile Governance of ICT can help to avoid or minimize the initial errors of conventional ICT Governance, and therefore minimize the gap between ICT and business.

SOURCE: LUNA et al. (2010b)